Dating thailand south
Mainstream Thai historians count Sukhothai as the first kingdom of Thai people.Sukhothai expanded furthest during the reign of Ram Khamhaeng (r. However, it was mostly a network of local lords who swore fealty to Sukhothai, not directly controlled by it.
According to French historian George Cœdès, "The Thai first enter history of Farther India in the eleventh century with the mention of Syam slaves or prisoners of war in Champa epigraphy, and "in the twelfth century, the bas-reliefs of Angkor Wat" where "a group of warriors" are described as Syam.Chinese chronicles first mention the Tai peoples in the 6th century BCE.While there are many assumptions regarding the origin of Tai peoples, David K.Thailand was renamed Siam from 1946 to 1948, after which it again reverted to "Thailand".According to George Cœdès, the word Thai (ไทย) means 'free man' in the Thai language, "differentiating the Thai from the natives encompassed in Thai society as serfs".Thailand became a major ally of the United States, and played a key anti-communist role in the region as a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule.
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.
While it joined the Allies in World War I, Thailand was an Axis satellite in World War II.
In the late 1950s, a military coup under Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics.
In 2013, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by a military junta.